History of the Tenth NY Heavy Artillery


Source: "New York in the War of the Rebellion 1861 to 1865", compiled by Frederick Phisterer. 2nd Edition.Albany: Weed, Parsons and Company 1890.


FOURTH BATTALION OF ARTILLERY (HEAVY)
FIRST BATTALION BLACK RIVER ARTILLERY

This battalion was organized at Sackett's Harbor, and received itsnumerial designation Sept. 16th, 1862. It served at Fort Richmond, N.Y.harbor; was discontinued Dec. 31st, 1862, and its Companies A, B, C and Dtransferred to the 10th N.Y. Vol. Artillery, as Companies E, D, M and B,respectively.

FIFTH BATTALION OF ARTILLERY (HEAVY)
SECOND BATTALION BLACK RIVER ARTILLERY

This battalion, four companies, A, B, C and D, was organized atSackett's Harbor; received its numerical designation Sept. 16th, 1862; wasordered to the front Sept. 17th, 1862, and served near Washington, D.C.Dec. 31st, 1862, it was discontinued and its companies transferred to the10th N.Y. Vol. Artillery as Companies A, G, C and F, respectively.

SEVENTH BATTALION OF ARTILLERY (HEAVY)
FOURTH BATTALION BLACK RIVER ARTILLERY

This battalion, four companies A, B, C and D, was organized at Sackett'sHarbor; received its numerical designation Sept. 16th, 1862, and wasordered in the field Sept. 17th, 1862; Companies A, B and C served nearWashington, D.C., and Company D at Fort Schuyler, N.Y. harbor; thebattalion was discontinued Dec. 31st, 1862, its companies beingtransferred to the 10th N.Y. Vol. Artillery as Companies H, I, K and L,respectively.

[Source: p. 351, Phisterer]


TENTH REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY (HEAVY)
BLACK RIVER ARTILLERY; JEFFERSON COUNTY REGIMENT

This regiment was organized Dec. 31st 1862, of the Fourth, Fifth andSeventh Battalions of Artillery, and Alexander Piper appointed its Colonel.The battalions had been organized at Sackett's Harbor in Sept., 1862, andthe consolidation was effected under the orders of the War Department,dated Dec. 27th, 1862. The companies were mustered into the service of theUnited States for three years; at Sackett's Harbor, A, B, C, D, E, F, G andM Sept. 11th; H and I Sept. 12th; at Staten Island, Company K Nov. 12th,and at Fort Schuyler, Company L, Dec. 27, 1862.

They were recruited principally: A - originally Company A, 5thBattalion, or 2d Battalion Black River, Artillery - at Watertown; B -originally D, 4th Battalion, or 1st Battalion Black River, Artiller - atRodman, Adams, Lorraine and Worth; C - originally C, 5th Battalion, or 2dBattalion Black River, Artillery - at Antwerp, Evan's Mills, LeRay andPhiladelphia; D - originally B, 4th Battalion, or 1st Battalion BlackRiver, Artillery - at Champion, Croghan, Diana, Rutland and Wilna; E -originally A, 4th Battalion, or 1st Battalion Black River, Artillery -Ellisburgh and Henderson; F - originally D, 5th Battalion, or 2d BattalionBlack River, Artillery - at Alexandria and Theresa; G - originally B, 5thBattalion, or 2d Battalion Black River, Artillery - at Clayton and Orleans;H - originally A, 7th Battalion, or 3d Battalion Black River, Artillery -at Antwerp, Adams, Boonville, Houndsfield, Watertown and Worth; I -originally B, 7th Battalion, or 3d Battalion Black River, Artillery - atBrownville and Houndsfield; K - originally C, 7th Battalion, or 3dBattalion Black River, Artillery - at Watertown, Cape Vincent, Clayton,Orleans, Rutland, Pamelia, LeRay and Osceola; L - originally D, 7thBattalion, or 3d Battalion Black River, Artillery - at Ellisbulrgh,Henderson, Adams, Watertown, Lynn, Cape Vincent and Houndsfield, and M -originally C, 4th Battalion or 1st Battalion Black River, Artillery - atCape Vincent, Pamelia and Lynn.

The 4th Battalion served at Fort Richmond and Sandy Hook, New Yorkharbor, from Sept. 1862, until June, 1863, when it joined the otherbattalions; the 5th and 7th Battalions left the State Sept. 17th, 1862, andserved in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., and 3d Brig. Haskins' Div.,22d Corps, from that time. The regiment, having left Washington May 24th,1864, served in the 4th Brig., 1st Div., 18th Corps, from June 5th, 1864;in the 1st Brig., 2d Div., 18th Corps, from June 24th, 1864; in the 1stBrig., De Russy's Div., 22d Corps, from Aug. 1864; and in the 2d Brig.,Provisional Div., with the Army of the Shenandoah, from Sept. 27th, 1864;and in the 2d Brig., Ferrero's Div., Army of the James, at Bermuda Hundred,from Dec. 1864, as heavy artillery and infantry.

June 23d, 1865, the regiment, commanded by Lt.-Col. George De PeysterArden, was honorably discharged and mustered out at Petersburg, Va.; themen not entitled to be discharged then, were transferred to Companies E, Fand G, and these were assigned to the 6th N.Y. Vol. Art., secondorganization, as Companies E, F and G, respectively, July 19th, 1865.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 26enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 21 enlisted men; of disease andother causes, 2 officers, 218 enlisted men; total 2 officers, 265 enlistedmen; aggregate 267; of whom 2 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy;and it took part in the following engagements, etc.:

Cold Harbor, Va. June 5-12, 1864
Before Petersburg and Richmond, Va. June 15 -Aug. 13, 1864
    Assault of Petersburg, Va. June 15-19, 1864
Cedar Creek, Va. Oct. 19, 1864
Before Petersburg and Richmond, Va. Dec. 1864- Ap'l 2, 1865
    Fall of Petersburg and Richmond, Va. April 2, 1865

[Source: pp. 344-345, Phisterer]

More information about the 10th N.Y. Heavy Artillery:

New York (State). AGO. Annual Report...for the Year 1897. No. 12.Albany, NY: Wynkoop,Hallenbeck, Crawford, 1898. (Alphabetical roster of the regiment)

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Source: This electronic text was transcribed from an original copy of the Phisterer's book by Martha S. Magill, Coordinator, Herkimer/Montgomery Counties NYGenWeb.
Copyright 2000 Martha S. Magill All Rights Reserved.