History of the Fifth NY Heavy Artillery

Source: "New York in the War of the Rebellion 1861 to 1865", compiled by Frederick Phisterer. 2nd Edition. Albany: Weed, Parsons and Company 1890.


This battalion was organized at Sackett's Harbor; received its designation Sept. 16th, 1862, and was ordered in the field Sept. 17th, 1862. It served near Washington, D.C.; was discontinued Dec. 31st, 1862, and its Companies A, B, C and D, assigned to the 5th N.Y. Vol. Artillery as Companies I, K, L and M, respectively.

[Source: p. 351, Phisterer]


Col. Samuel Graham, being so authorized, proceeded to recruit a regiment of heavy artillery - the 2nd Regiment Jackson Artillery; Col. Edward Murray received authority from the State in Nov., 1861, to recruit the Jackson Heavy Artillery. These two organizations were consolidated March 6th, 1862, Col. Graham's men forming Companies A, B, C and D, and Col. Murray's E, F, G and H of the new regiment, the two colonels being appointed Col. and Lieut.-Col. respectively. The 70th Militia furnished a number of men to the regiment. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years, in New York harbor, in April, 1862. Dec. 31st, 1862, the Sixth Batallion of Artillery - 3d Battalion of Black River Artillery - was transferred to the regiment, forming its Companies I, K, L and M, and thereby completing the regimental organization. These companies had been mustered in the U.S. service for three years; I and K Sept. 11th; and L and M Sept. 12th, 1862, at Sackett's Harbor. At the expiration of the term of service of the original eight companies, the men entitled thereto were discharged, and the companies retained in service.

The companies were recruited principally: A and B at Brooklyn and New York city; C at New York city, Brooklyn, Monterey, Big Flats, Valhalla, Catskill, Horseheads, Elmira, Armonk and Quarrytonville; D at Brooklyn, New York City and Rondout; E at New York city, Afton and in Ohio; F at New York city, Liberty, Turin, Fort Edward, and in the counties of Dutchess and Sullivan; G in New York city and in New Jersey; H at New York city, Ancram, Poughkeepsie, Fremont Centre and Liberty, and in New Jersey; I at New Bremen, Martinsburg, Lowville and Greig; K at Turin, Leyden, Highmarket, Greig and Theresa; L at Lowville, Watson, Denmark, Martinsburg, Diana and Montague; and M at Denmark, Harrisburg, Pinckney, Montague, Champion, Croghan and Wilna.

The eight companies, then organized, served in New York harbor at Forts Hamilton, Lafayette, Wood, Gibson, Richmond and Schuyler, from March 11th, 1862; at Baltimore, Md., and other points of the Middle Department, from May 28th, 1862. Companies A and F served at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., from June 19th, 1862, where they were surrendered in Sept., 1862; they rejoined the regiment after being paroled, at Baltimore, Md. The 3d Battalion served in the Defenses of Washington north, and later south, of the Potomac, 22d Corps, from Dec., 1862, and at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., from Nov. 24th, 1863; the 1st and 2nd Battalions were also ordered to Harper's Ferry, 8th Corps, April 19th, 1864. The 1st Battalion, Companies A, B, C and D, served with the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of W. Va., 8th Corps, in the field from May, 1864; it was relieved by the 2d Battalion, July 29th, 1864, and returned to Harper's Ferry. The 2d Battalion, Companies E, F, G and H, served in the field in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of W. Va., until Oct. 28th, 1864, when it returned to Harper's Ferry. The regiment served as infantry and heavy artillery.

June 24th and 24th,1865, Companies I, K, L and M were mustered out at Harper's Ferry, but at once reorganized of men transferred from Companies A, B, C and D, and July 19th, 1865, the regiment, commanded by Col. Graham, was honorably discharged and mustered out at Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 66 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 32 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 293 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 391 enlisted men; aggregate, 392; of whom 76 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

It, or portions of it, took part in the following engagements, etc.:

Point of Rocks and Berlin, Md. - Sept. 4-5
Berlin, Knoxville, and Point of Rocks, Md. - Sept. 6-7
Siege and surrender of Harper's Ferry, W. Va. - Sept. 12-15
    Maryland Heights - Sept. 12-13
    Bolivar Heights - Sept. 14-15

Piedmont, Va. - June 5
Lexington, Va. - June 11
Buchanon, Va. - June 14
Lynchburg, Va. - June 18-19
Liberty, Va. - June 19
Salem, Va. - June 21
Harper's Ferry, W. Va. - July 4-8
Snicker's Ferry, W. Va. - July 17-18
Winchester, Va. - July 24-25
Martinsburg, Va. - July 25
Cedar Creek, Va.- August 12
Charlestown, W. Va. - August 21
Halltown, Va. - August 23
Halltown, Va. - August 26
Berryville, Va. - September 3-4
Opequon Creek, Va. - September 13
Opequon, Va. - September 19
Fisher's Hill, Va. - September 22
Cedar Creek, Va. - October 13
Cedar Creek, Va. - October 19

[Source: pp. 339-340, Phisterer]

More information about the 5th N.Y. Heavy Artillery:

New York (State). AGO. Annual Report...for the Year 1896. No. 10. Albany, NY: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford, 1897. (Alphabetical roster of the regiment)

Download a bibliography in Word .doc format

Source: This electronic text was transcribed from an original copy of the Phisterer's book by Martha S. Magill, Coordinator, Herkimer/Montgomery Counties NYGenWeb.
Copyright 2000 Martha S. Magill All Rights Reserved.